Nocturne Opus 27 No. 2 in D♭ Major
Uploaded on Aug 11, 2012
The Nocturnes, Opus 27 are two solo piano pieces composed by Frédéric Chopin often regarded as two of the best pieces he ever composed. The piece was composed in 1836 and published in 1837. Both nocturnes in this opus are dedicated to Countess d'Appony.
This publication marked the transition from triplets of nocturnes to contrasting pairs.
Gustav Barth commented that Chopin's nocturnes are definite signs of “progress” in comparison to John Field's original nocturnes, though the improvements are “for the most part only in technique”. However, David Dubal feels that the pieces are “more aptly described as ballades in miniature”. Blair Johnson states that these two nocturnes are “two of the most powerful—and famous—nocturnes [Chopin] has ever penned” and that these nocturnes are “virtually unrecognizable” to those of John Field.
The Nocturne in D♭ Major is initially marked as lento sostenuto and is in 6/8 meter. It consists of two strophes, repeated in increasingly complex variations. The piece is 77 measures long.
Unlike the Nocturne in C♯ minor, which was made up of conflicting dramas, the Nocturne in D♭ Major consists of variations on a single mood. This causes “functional ambivalence” through “melodic implication” according to Jim Samson. The piece is initially unchanging but is interrupted by a change to the minor subdominant. Blair Johnson calls the main cadence, near the end of the piece, “one of the most glorious moments in Chopin's entire output”. Johnson also calls the piece “one of [Chopin's] most graceful essays in fioritura ornamental practices”. Huneker states that the piece “really contains but one subject, and is a song of the sweet summer of two souls, for there is obviously meaning in the duality of voices”. He also claims that the piece is “harmonically most interesting” Friskin states that the piece contains “broken rhythms and slurs which require a delicate hand touch”.
The piece occasionally has been featured in popular culture, such as in the James Bond movie, The Spy Who Loved Me, and the webcomic Saturday Morning Breakfast Cereal.
|Key signature||5 flats|
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