Top Groups


128 discussions • 7.1K scores • 49.6K members


Today, comment-response notification has broken

Two people replied to my comments on their scores, and neither appears on my "all-activity" dashboard.  What can I possibly say?  Yes, I know "We have a team dedicated to nothing but MuseScore, and we are working as hard as we can!" But the site isn't.  It breaks a different way almost every day.  Please don't tell me to be kinder or more forgiving: I pay money for you to maintain the site. Please do so.

This will blow your mind!

It Starts with a Simple Deck of Playing Cards
They seem harmless enough, 52 thin slices of laminated cardboard with colorful designs printed on their sides. Yet, as another illustration of the mantra that complexity begins from the most simple systems, the number of variations that these 52 cards can produce is virtually endless. The richness of most playing card games owes itself to this fact.

Permute this!
The number of possible permutations of 52 cards is 52!. I think the exclamation mark was chosen as the symbol for the factorial operator to highlight the fact that this function produces surprisingly large numbers in a very short time. If you have an old school pocket calculator, the kind that maxes out at 99,999,999, an attempt to calculate the factorial of any number greater than 11 results only in the none too helpful value of "Error". So if 12! will break a typical calculator, how large is 52!?

52! is the number of different ways you can arrange a single deck of cards. You can visualize this by constructing a randomly generated shuffle of the deck. Start with all the cards in one pile. Randomly select one of the 52 cards to be in position 1. Next, randomly select one of the remaining 51 cards for position 2, then one of the remaining 50 for position 3, and so on. Hence, the total number of ways you could arrange the cards is 52 * 51 * 50 * ... * 3 * 2 * 1, or 52!. Here's what that looks like:


eighty unvigintillion,
six hundred fifty eight vigintillion,
one hundred seventy five novemdecillion,
one hundred seventy octodecillion,
nine hundred forty three septendecillion,
eight hundred seventy eight sexdecillion,
five hundred seventy one quindecillion,
six hundred sixty quattuordecillion,
six hundred thirty six tredecillion,
eight hundred fifty six duodecillion,
four hundred three undecillion,
seven hundred sixty six decillion,
nine hundred seventy five nonillion,
two hundred eighty nine octillion,
five hundred five septillion,
four hundred forty sextillion,
eight hundred eighty three quintillion,
two hundred seventy seven quadrillion,
eight hundred twenty four trillion

This number is beyond astronomically large. I say beyond astronomically large because most numbers that we already consider to be astronomically large are mere infinitesimal fractions of this number. So, just how large is it? Let's try to wrap our puny human brains around the magnitude of this number with a fun little theoretical exercise. Start a timer that will count down the number of seconds from 52! to 0. We're going to see how much fun we can have before the timer counts down all the way.

Shall we play a game?
Start by picking your favorite spot on the equator. You're going to walk around the world along the equator, but take a very leisurely pace of one step every billion years. The equatorial circumference of the Earth is 40,075,017 meters. Make sure to pack a deck of playing cards, so you can get in a few trillion hands of solitaire between steps. After you complete your round the world trip, remove one drop of water from the Pacific Ocean. Now do the same thing again: walk around the world at one billion years per step, removing one drop of water from the Pacific Ocean each time you circle the globe. The Pacific Ocean contains 707.6 million cubic kilometers of water. Continue until the ocean is empty. When it is, take one sheet of paper and place it flat on the ground. Now, fill the ocean back up and start the entire process all over again, adding a sheet of paper to the stack each time you’ve emptied the ocean.

Do this until the stack of paper reaches from the Earth to the Sun. Take a glance at the timer, you will see that the three left-most digits haven’t even changed. You still have 8.063e67 more seconds to go. 1 Astronomical Unit, the distance from the Earth to the Sun, is defined as 149,597,870.691 kilometers. So, take the stack of papers down and do it all over again. One thousand times more. Unfortunately, that still won’t do it. There are still more than 5.385e67 seconds remaining. You’re just about a third of the way done.

And you thought Sunday afternoons were boring
To pass the remaining time, start shuffling your deck of cards. Every billion years deal yourself a 5-card poker hand. Each time you get a royal flush, buy yourself a lottery ticket. A royal flush occurs in one out of every 649,740 hands. If that ticket wins the jackpot, throw a grain of sand into the Grand Canyon. Keep going and when you’ve filled up the canyon with sand, remove one ounce of rock from Mt. Everest. Now empty the canyon and start all over again. When you’ve leveled Mt. Everest, look at the timer, you still have 5.364e67 seconds remaining. Mt. Everest weighs about 357 trillion pounds. You barely made a dent. If you were to repeat this 255 times, you would still be looking at 3.024e64 seconds. The timer would finally reach zero sometime during your 256th attempt. Exercise for the reader: at what point exactly would the timer reach zero?

Back here on the ranch
Of course, in reality none of this could ever happen. Sorry to break it to you. The truth is, the Pacific Ocean will boil off as the Sun becomes a red giant before you could even take your fifth step in your first trek around the world. Somewhat more of an obstacle, however, is the fact that all the stars in the universe will eventually burn out leaving space a dark, ever-expanding void inhabited by a few scattered elementary particles drifting a tiny fraction of a degree above absolute zero. The exact details are still a bit fuzzy, but according to some reckonings of The Reckoning, all this could happen before you would've had a chance to reduce the vast Pacific by the amount of a few backyard swimming pools.

Your thoughts please.



Denk dat ik wel wat beschikbaar heb. In musescore uiteraard. zijn aanpassingen van andere partijen. We hebben in de band geen bas, dat mag ik doen op trombone, vandaar dat het er soms wat anders uitziet. Hoop woensdagavond even tijd te hebben om wat dingen te uploaden..


Ok, So, 2 things..... and HEEELLLLLPPPPP

Can anyone arrange this song for piano? It's called Anduril /flame of the west.
Here is the song;

And to give you an idea of level I play at.....

Soooooo...... There's that and.... Auditions. Flute auditions are coming up and I need to figure out a song. I need something that showcases range and different tempos, and something with a few longer notes to show off some tone. Any help picking a song would help a lot. 

Nintendo Switch Online

Tomorrow Nintendo Switch Online will come out and so far I was happy because of the benefits. But then I read this on the Internet:
Saved game data stored in the cloud can not be retained beyond the duration of the membership.
Does that mean that we lose our game data, if we no longer want to use Nintendo Switch Online? This would be... :( ... not nice...
I hope I got it wrong. Does anyone know something about it?
And sorry for my bad English.

Importance of lacquer ?

Hello everyone.

I’ve been playing the Alto Saxophone for a year and a half now, I have a used Holton Saxophone which is over 20 years old a the lacquer has almost worn out. I’ve been planning to by a new student Saxophone (conn Selmer AS-710) which is a brand new Saxophone with a full clear lacquer.
Now most of the jazz gigs I’ve been to and most of the professional saxophonist I’ve seen use Saxophones without any lacquer.

So my questions are
1) what is the importance of lacquer to Saxophone? (Does is affect the sound, or is it just for the cool look ?)
2) Is the conn Selmer AS-710 a good Saxophone for a student / beginner ? (It’s definitely in my budget)


Spider Girl Duet
Okay so this song, is AMAZINGLY catchy, and I REALLY want to play it on my violin, but I'm not great at figuring music out myself, much less making sheet music of it. Would anyone be willing to make a composition of this?

If you want something in return I can offer free art! I do digital art (Examples here:
which can be found on the previous link, or on my DeviantArt account (ChronostheViolinist)
If you want a specific shading style you'll have to tell me.

That's... basically all I have to give in return XD

Heck the score doesn't even have to be completely perfect, I really just need a starting point to figure it out from.