Violin vs Stroh violin?
Which is better?
The Violin with the Horn or Stroh Violin is a specific instrument , although invented by the Englishman Augustus Stroh. It can be said that Stroh Violin represents Bihor County. The biggest musicians on the Crişului Repede valley are the beloved Căbuţă Gheorghe "Stângaciu" and Mitică Negrean, who are part of the professional orchestra "Crişana". The bihorian folklore is represented by the "Crişana" Artistic Professional Ensemble of the Oradea State Philharmonic in tours abroad and in the country, which was founded in 1998 on the structure of Crişana Orchestra, a professional orchestra with a tradition of more than 50 years. From the very beginning, the orchestra had the purpose of processing the popular song. At present the "Crişana" Professional ensemble is among the first folk ensembles in the country. The soloists of the ensemble are Cornel Borza, Leontin Ciucur, Luminiţa Tomuţă, Viorica Bradea, Cornelia Covaciu, Voichiţa Mihoc, Felicia Costin and Florinul Bihorului:Florica Duma, Florica Ungur, Florica Zaha,Florica Bradu and the most famous instrumentalists are Gheorghe Rada, Stângaciu, Mitică Negrean, Adi Miclăuş, Liviu Butiu and Petre Frasin.
It is not known for sure that the violin violin used by Bihor tars was the same as that created by John Matthias Augustus Stroh (1899-1949). At a closer look there are important differences. The Bihor coroner's violin is much softer than those created by Stroh. Of course, it's original, because the violin in the picture above is an unfinished copy. Those who have had the opportunity to see the Bihor tool closely can easily notice differences. Unfortunately, we are not known craftsmen of the violin. Stroh violin is likely to be used in Transylvania before 1900. According to some reports, the game came to the village musicians with "van, taragoata (taragot not clarinet) and Stroh violin (or fiddle as it is called in the Apuseni Mountains) ". Another local instrument name: "higheghe with tolcer" (higheghe = violin, tolcer = funnel) In Central and Western Europe, the violin was not successful, because it was used on classical music scores (Mozart, Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Haydn, etc.), not forgetting that this instrument produces tonalities specific to lute music, tones which is very good compared to the established violin. It is interesting to note that in Bihor the viticulture with the goat does not have the same success in the listeners. The European studies on the distribution of musical instruments and their tradition record the presence of the violin with the goarna only in the eastern part of Hungary, on most of the border with Romania, and not in Romania, from where they actually took over the Gypsy tarafs.
Violin vs Stroh violin?