Concerto V in D Minor (BWV 596) for Cello & Harp
Uploaded on Jul 16, 2016
This Concerto in D minor is an organ version of a concerto for two violins and orchestra from Antonio Vivaldi’s (1678-1741) Concerto Grosso from L’Estro Armonico (RV 565), a collection that was published in 1711 by the Amsterdam music publisher Estienne Roger. The work was previously attributed to Wilhelm Friedmann Bach however, the handwriting is undoubtedly J.S. Bach's, who seems to have been the copyist and most probably the arranger
Vivaldi’s music was popular throughout Europe, and Germany was no exception. During his years at the court in Weimar, Bach made a series of arrangements of Italian concerto music for organ and harpsichord, including six concertos by Vivaldi. J. S. Bach, one of the greatest composers of all time, also absorbed into his music the styles of many composers of different nationalities. An Italian master whose compositions had significant impact on Bach was Antonio Vivaldi. In 1713-1714, Bach transcribed at least nine concertos of Vivaldi, three for solo organ (BWV 593-4, 596), and six for solo harpsichord (BWV 972-3, 975-6, 978, 980).
Although the precise function of these arrangements is unclear, they are linked to a penchant for Italian music in Weimar. On 8 July 1713, Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar returned home after studying at Utrecht University for two years. The prince was a talented violinist and composer himself, and probably took back a large pile of brand-new music from the Low Countries. One month earlier, one of Bach’s pupils wrote that he wanted to stay in Weimar, as on the prince’s return he “would be able to hear lots of fine Italian and French music” (“kunte also noch manche schöne Italienische und Frantzösische music hören”). Moreover, Bach himself would undoubtedly be playing “incomparable things” (“unvergleichliche Sachen”) on the renovated organ in the castle chapel. This concerto provides both opportunities at once. On a manuscript in Bach’s own hand, the composer noted down the instructions for the registration of the piece himself. From the tense opening, via the bitter-sweet melodious middle movement, to the exciting final movement, the organist and organ could freshen up Weimar with an incomparable Italian breeze.
Source: allofbach (http://allofbach.com/en/bwv/bwv-596/).
Although originally written for Organ, I created this modern interpretation of the Concerto V in D Minor (BWV 596) for Cello & Concert (Pedal) Harp.
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