Chorale: "Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme" (BWV 645) for Flute, Oboe & Cello
Uploaded on Aug 14, 2016
Schübler Chorales is a name usually given to the Sechs Chorale von verschiedener Art ('Six Chorales of Various Kinds') for organ (BWV 645–650), a collection of six chorale preludes by Johann Sebastian Bach, issued around 1748. The title 'Schübler Chorales' derives from the engraver and publisher Johann Georg Schübler, who is named on the title page. All six of the preludes are for an organ with two manuals and pedal, at least five of them transcribed from movements in Bach's cantatas, mostly chorale cantatas.
Since no source has been found for BWV 646, most scholars assume that the source cantata is one of the 100 or so believed to have been lost. The trio scoring of the movement suggests the original may have been for violin, or possibly violins and violas in unison (right hand), and continuo (left hand), with the chorale (pedal) sung by soprano or alto.
Bach spent the last 27 years of his life as Cantor at the School of St. Thomas, in Leipzig, which effectively put him in charge of the city's religious music, for he supervised all five of the main churches. A "Chorale" or "Chorale Prelude" is an elaboration on a hymn tune, with the main melody being clearly stated and perceivable by the average church-goer. This is so that when the hymn itself is sung a bit later in the service, the congregation would already have heard the tune. This lot of six of them got their collective name for the simple reason that an acquaintance of Bach's, one J.G. Schübler, published them. Bach seems to have chosen them to represent a variety of techniques, to be suitable for the amateur market, but to possess sufficient technical and musical demands to make playing them interesting. In short, they might well have been picked because the composer thought they had variety and popular appeal. For these reasons, they make an excellent introduction to Bach's organ music in general and to the chorale prelude form in particular.
The fact that Bach had gone to the trouble and expense of securing the services of a master engraver to produce a collection of note-for-note transcriptions of this kind indicates that he did not regard the Schübler Chorales as a minor piece of hack-work, but as a significant public statement. These six chorales provide an approachable version of the music of the cantatas through the more marketable medium of keyboard transcriptions. Virtually all Bach's cantatas were unpublished in his lifetime
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sch%C3%BCbler_Chorales).
Although originally created for Organ, I created this Interpretation of Schübler Chorale (BWV 645) "Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme" (Wake, Awake for Night is Passing) for Flute, Oboe & Cello.
|Key signature||3 flats|
|Part names||Flute, Oboe, Cello|
|Privacy||Everyone can see this score|
|License||None (All rights reserved)|