Sheet music for Trombone with 8 instruments

Coro & Ciaccona: "Meine Augen sehen stets zu dem Herrn" (BWV 150 No 7) for Wind Ensemble
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Coro & Ciaccona: "Meine Augen sehen stets zu dem Herrn" (BWV 150 No 7) for Wind Ensemble

8 parts13 pages04:304 years ago650 views
Flute, Oboe, Trumpet, Trombone(2), French Horn, Tuba, Bassoon
Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich (For Thee, O Lord, I long), BWV 150, is an early Lutheran church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach composed for an unknown occasion. It is unique among Bach's cantatas in its sparse orchestration and in the independence and prominence of the chorus, which is featured in four out of seven movements. Although the exact date is not known, this is one of Bach's earliest surviving cantatas. Some sources say it dates from Bach's early years in Weimar (from 1708). However, it may well be earlier. The Zwang catalogue (which lists the cantatas chronologically) dates it as the sixth of the surviving cantatas by Bach (composed 1708–1709), and places Aus der Tiefen rufe ich, Herr, zu dir, BWV 131, composed in 1707, as the earliest. The scholar Hans-Joachim Schulze identified a remarkable acrostic in the concluding four movements (which he described in the 2010 Bach-Jahrbuch, the journal of the Neue Bachgesellschaft). Adjusting for transposition errors by the 1755 scribe, C H Penzel, the initial letters should spell DOKTOR CONRAD MECKBACH and plausibly therefore the work was composed to mark this Mühlhausen councillor's 70th birthday which occurred in April 1707. On this basis the cantata may date from Bach's time in Arnstadt, where he was organist of St Boniface's church until his move to Mühlhausen in the summer of 1707. Possibly the cantata was heard a few weeks later after the end of Lent, and thus it may have formed a test-piece for the Mühlhausen appointment, composed in Arnstadt with Bach's supporter Meckbach in mind. The libretto alternates between biblical verses and free poetry (a rarity among Bach's early cantatas). The text of movements 2, 4, and 6 is from Psalm 25 (vv. 1, 2, 5, 15). The author of the poetry is unknown. The work was written for an unspecified penitential service. The work begins with a sinfonia and then alternates choral movements and arias. There are no recitatives, no da capo repeats, and there is no chorale tune. Bach makes extensive use of choral fugues and imitative polyphony, often shifting the tempo and character of the music within movements very quickly to accommodate a new musical idea with each successive phrase of text. The sinfonia and the opening choral movement are both based on the motive of an octave leap followed by five descending half steps. This chromatic figure, sometimes dubbed the "lamento bass" or passus duriusculus, has been utilized by composers as early as Monteverdi as a musical representation of anguish, pain, and longing. The sinfonia also introduces thematic material developed later in the work, uses asymmetric phrasing, and "a seamless flow of unstoppable melody". The second movement is "waywardly constructed despite its relative brevity". It is episodic, emphasizing a descending chromatic scale motif. The following soprano aria is also brief but includes significant word painting. The fourth movement is another short and episodic chorus, divided into four sections. Movement five is one of only a handful of vocal trios to be found in Bach's oeuvre, as well as the only movement in the cantata in the major mode, shifting from B minor to D major. The penultimate movement features a "celestial haze" of instruments as part of a complex texture. It is in binary form and modulates from D major through B minor to B major. The ground bass in the final movement chaconne is the inversion of the chromatic fourth ostinato from the opening movement that goes through a series of modulations. Both the inversion of the lamento bass and the modulations express in baroque musical affect how Christ leads from sorrow to joy. The theme of this closing movement was adapted by Johannes Brahms for the Finale of his Symphony No. 4. Although the cantata is scored for soprano, alto, tenor and bass soloists, four-part choir and a small orchestra of two violins, bassoon obbligato, and basso continuo, I created this arrangement for Wind Ensemble (Flute, Oboe, Bb Trumpet, Trombone, French Horn, Bass Trombone, F Tuba & Bassoon) and it is best played using the "GeneralUser GS.sf2" Soundfont by S. Christian Collins Software (http://www.schristiancollins.com/generaluser.php).

Chorus: "Er hat anderen geholfen" (BWV 246 No 61) for Brass Ensemble

8 parts2 pages01:092 years ago270 views
Trumpet(3), French Horn(2), Trombone, Tuba(2)
The St Luke Passion (German: Lukas-Passion), BWV 246, is a Passion setting formerly attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach. It is included in the BWV catalog under the number 246. Now it appears in the catalogues under the heading apocryphal or anonymous. A surviving manuscript of the St Luke Passion from about 1730 is partly in Bach's hand, though scholars believe that the music is certainly not his own. Presumably Bach performed it, or intended to perform it, in Leipzig. C. P. E. Bach and Agricola may have mistaken it for a work of Bach's and thus included it in their census. Of course, given his delight in exhaustive cycles, Bach should have composed a St Luke Passion. Apparently J. S. Bach took the anonymous St Luke Passion and arranged it for four voices, chorus, orchestra, and continuo to meet an urgent deadline for Good Friday in 1730. With regard to the authorship of the passion, Felix Mendelssohn commented in a letter to Franz Hauser who had just paid a large sum of money to purchase the Lukaspassion: "I am sorry to hear you have given so much money for the St. Luke Passion." Mendelssohn repudiated Bach's authorship of the work upon the evidence of a single chorale, 'Weide mich und mach' mich satt' (No. 9). He continued, "No doubt, as an authentic autograph, it would be worth the price. But it is not by Bach. You ask, 'On what grounds do you maintain your opinion?' I answer, on intrinsic evidence, though it is unpleasant to say so, since it is your property. But just look at the chorale, 'Weide mich und mach' mich satt'! If that is by Sebastian, may I be hanged! It certainly is in his handwriting, but it is too clean. Evidently he copied it. 'Whose is it?' you ask; 'Telemann, or M. Bach, or Altnichol?' Jung Nichol or plain Nichol, how can I tell? It's not by Bach. Probably it is of North German origin." Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Luke_Passion,_BWV_246). I created this arrangement of the Chorus: "Er hat anderen geholfen" (He saved others) for Brass Ensemble (3 Bb Trumpets, 2 French Horns, Trombone, Euphonium & F Tuba).